Java EE 6 - Part 3 - Writing Singleton Session Beans

Project: EJB31-Common

package helloworld.beans;

import helloworld.vo.GreetingRequest;
import javax.ejb.Remote;

 * Remote interface for singleton bean.
 * @author rwatsh
public interface SingletonHelloWorldBeanRemote {

    GreetingRequest sayHello();

    GreetingRequest[] auditRequests();

Project: EJB31-ejb

package helloworld.beans;

import helloworld.vo.GreetingRequest;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import javax.annotation.PreDestroy;
import javax.ejb.EJB;
import javax.ejb.Singleton;

 * Singleton bean implementation.
 * Note: It depends on the TimeBasedHelloWorldBean (not shown in this post) which is
 * another singleton bean. The TimeBasedHelloWorldBean will be initialized before this bean.
 * @author rwatsh
public class SingletonHelloWorldBean implements SingletonHelloWorldBeanRemote {

    private TimeBasedHelloWorldBean timeBasedHelloWorldBean;
    private List greetingRequests;

    public SingletonHelloWorldBean() {
        greetingRequests = new ArrayList();
    // Add business logic below. (Right-click in editor and choose
    // "Insert Code > Add Business Method")

    public GreetingRequest sayHello() {
        String greeting = timeBasedHelloWorldBean.sayHello();
        GreetingRequest request = new GreetingRequest(greeting);
        return request;

    public GreetingRequest[] auditRequests() {
        return greetingRequests.toArray(new GreetingRequest[]{});

    private void destroy() {
        System.out.println("helloworld.beans.SingletonHelloWorldBean: @PreDestroy");
        for (GreetingRequest gr : greetingRequests) {
        greetingRequests = null;

Project: StandAloneApp

package standaloneapp;

import helloworld.beans.SingletonHelloWorldBeanRemote;
import helloworld.vo.GreetingRequest;
import javax.naming.Context;
import javax.naming.InitialContext;
import javax.naming.NamingException;

 * Singleton bean test client.
 * @author rwatsh
public class SingletonHelloWorldBeanTest {

    private static SingletonHelloWorldBeanRemote helloWorldBean;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.err.println("standaloneapp.Main.main: Stand-alone App started");
        String jndiPath = "java:global/EJB31/EJB31-ejb/SingletonHelloWorldBean";
        try {
            Context ctx = new InitialContext();
            System.out.println("standaloneapp.Main.main: looking up bean at: "
                    + jndiPath);
            helloWorldBean = (SingletonHelloWorldBeanRemote) ctx.lookup(jndiPath);
            System.out.println("standaloneapp.Main.main: found HelloWorldBean: "
                    + helloWorldBean);
            System.out.println("standaloneapp.Main.main: calling sayHello");
            GreetingRequest greeting = helloWorldBean.sayHello();
            System.out.println("standaloneapp.Main.main: HelloWorldBean said: "
                    + greeting);

            GreetingRequest[] audit = helloWorldBean.auditRequests();
            System.out.println("SingletonHelloWorldBeanTest.main: number of sayHello requests made on Singleton: " + audit.length);
        } catch (NamingException ex) {
                    "standaloneapp.Main.main: Could not find HelloWorldBeanRemote");
            System.err.println("standaloneapp.Main.main: JNDI path used for lookup: " + jndiPath);


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