The 2 open source Java code coverage tools that are the best among the lot are cobertura and emma. Both have their own pros and cons.
Cobertura - http://cobertura.sourceforge.net/
Emma - http://emma.sourceforge.net/
Points borrowed from: http://raibledesigns.com/rd/entry/emma_vs_cobertura_for_code
Video : http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=820584080702226910
1. Stats on both class and method coverage
2. Partial/fractional line coverages is unique trait - shown in yellow when there are multiple conditions in a conditional block like if (x < 0 and x > 10) and say x > 10 never gets executed this is shown in yellow. This is important feature which lets us determine if the tests cover all conditions of such more than one conditions conditional blocks.
3. Not being actively developed.
4. Stricter code coverage.
5. Integration with Eclipse available - http://www.eclemma.org/
6. Better documentation than cobertura.
7. Instrumentation process is faster than cobertura.
8. Standalone library and does not have any external dependencies.
9. Common public license 1.0 friendlier that GPL.
Cobertura: (since 2002)
1. GPL'd version of JCoverage (which is commercial). Project older than Emma.
2. Prettier reports.
3. Actively developed.
4. Branch/block and line coverages only - no class or method level coverage.
5. How many times a line has been executed - unique about cobertura.
6. <cobertura-check> where one can specify percentage of coverage that's a MUST or else build fails.
7. Data merge feature - good for QA labs... for merging coverage data to prepare historical trend graphs. Emma also supports it now but it seems its better with cobertura. Project long coverage collection possible.
8. Depends on other third party libraries.
Common factors in both of these code coverage tools:
1. bytecode instrumentation.
2. reports are filterable so you can tell what needs to be evaluated for code coverage.
3. offline instrumentation (most recommended approach) - separate instrument/execute/report tasks – this is what we adopted. The other approach is on-the-fly instrumentation.
4. ant integration.
5. testng integration.
The above information can be used in deciding about the right tool for your project. We went for Emma as it seemed to have good enough reports and was fast. I did not get a chance to experiment with Cobertura but will surely try it out soon.
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